Children's Participation in Research
Children may not have full capacity to make decisions in their own best interests and therefore:
- Children are considered a vulnerable population
Children can give informed consent to participate in research, or if they cannot do this they can give assent, and parents/guardians give permission for a child to participate in research.
The ages, maturity and psychological states of the children involved in the research should be taken into account when determining whether children have the capacity to consent.
The content and language of the consent process should be appropriate to the age/educational developmental stage of the children. Multiple information sheets may need to be produced if dealing with a range of ages/different stages of development.