Protection from psychological or physical harm
If researching sensitive topics such as sexuality, some research should not be done as dissemination of the results might prove detrimental. If field notes contain intimate details about people's sexual lives, the potential for social psychological harm (embarrassment, conflict) is theoretically present. Names and information that could lead to the identification of individuals should be altered or left out of field notes to ensure anonymity. Remember: a researcher's field notes are not privileged by the courts; they can be subpoenaed.