Reciprocity and collaboration with the community you work with
Ethical research means making sure the research benefits the people being studied and not just the researcher. Sometimes researchers will rework entire projects to ensure they are studying something of importance to the community they are studying. Others have been advocates for the groups they have studied, documenting violence and using their positions to represent the claims of the oppressed in courts and international arenas.
Codes of ethics state: "Research should involve an essentially collaborative relationship between researcher and the research participants." "Researchers should recognize their debt to the societies in which they work and their obligation to reciprocate with people studied in appropriate ways."
Collaboration should not be an afterthought. Truly collaborative research means working collaboratively with a local community to develop a research project that asks questions that matter to that community. It also means involving the local community in interpretation of research data and the communication of research results.