Case 2: The Human Terrain System
In 2006, the U.S. Army started a programme called the "Human Terrain System." This placed social scientists with military units in Iraq and Afghanistan to interview local Iraqis and Afghanis and report back to the U.S. Army. On the programme's official website it states: "by developing an understanding of the societies and cultures in which we are engaged...the U.S. military can reduce the need for and negative repercussions of lethal force."
However, many anthropologists have questioned the ethical grounds for social scientists working with the military. A group of anthropologists started a petition against working with the military which received 1,000 signatures.
Their grounds against it were that the project could not guarantee that it would concur with basic tenets of their professional body's guidelines i.e. do no harm, informed consent and freedom from coercion.